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Here at BRH Enterprises, we have been servicing the residence of Mayville, Wisconsin, and all of the surrounding areas for quite some time now. Throughout this time, we have come across many people who are skeptical to hire us due to past experiences that they have had with other roofing contractors that were just in it for the money. We have found over the years that the best way to address such concerns is to make sure that the homeowner is well aware of everything that is going on during their asphalt shingle roof installation process. The easiest way we have found to help homeowners better understand this process is by explaining everything we will list here in this article. We will go over what the components of an asphalt roofing system are, further address how each component works, how each one depends on the other one in order to function properly, and why you should trust BRH Enterprises to help with any roof installation or other roof related issue you may have in the future.
What Are The Components Of An Asphalt Roofing System?
When it comes to a proper asphalt shingle roof installation procedure, there are many components that have to be considered. To better understand how your roofing system works, we will provide you with a list in the order that they are normally installed, of the most common roofing components that should be addressed and, if damaged, fixed when installing a new roof.
1 Rafter- Provides the framework for your roof.
2 Insulation- Helps maintain the interior temperature.
3 Sheathing- Acts as a solid base layer.
4 Ventilation- Helps remove interior moisture from the attic.
5 Underlayment- A primary waterproofing layer.
6 Water And Ice- A secondary waterproofing layer for certain areas of the roof.
7 Flashing- Seals gaps along seams in the roof.
8 Shingles- Your tertiary and most exposed waterproofing and protective layer
9 Ridge Vent- Allows for proper venting of hot air in the attic.
10 Ridge Cap- Seals of the ridge vent.
11 Fascia Board- Acts as a base for your gutters and protective layer for overhang.
12 Gutters- Allows for proper drainage of water and debris.
13 Soffits- Covers the underside of your roof’s overhang.
How Do These Components Work With Each Other To Keep Your Home In Mayville, Wisconsin Safe?
Now, taking the knowledge that you have just gathered from the previous section as to the order in which roofing components are installed (and should be addressed), we will go into further detail as to just how important each of the said components is. We will also be addressing how each component works in concert with one another to ensure that everything in your home is protected from the exterior elements:
1. Rafters- Your rafters are an essential part of your roofing system. They are the first thing that is installed, active structural support for every other part of your roof. If your rafters are not in good condition, this is one of the biggest issues you can have. If even one of your rafters fails, it will result in a weak spot on your roof which can increase your risk of a roof collapse.
2. Insulation- having a roof that is properly insulated is very important. This will help reduce your energy bills throughout the year, along with preventing any access or built-up heat from leaking through your roof and melting snow that may be resting on top of your shingles. When the snow melts this way, it creates a snowball effect where the Snow will melt into water and then turn into ice. This will continue happening until you have a large buildup of ice on your roof or along your gutters.
3. Sheathing- sheathing is a layer of plywood that goes over your rafters. Your sheathing acts as the base for every other part of your roof. Having sheathing that is in good condition it’s just as essential as having rafters that are in good condition, as they both serve similar purposes.
4. Ventilation- there are many different types of ventilation systems for your roof, they all serve the same purpose. Having a properly ventilated roof is essential for the health and longevity of your roofing system. When the heat rises, it all goes up to your attic, and with that heat comes moisture. If your attic is not properly ventilated, that moisture has nowhere to go and will get trapped up there. This becomes problematic because in your attic is exposed wood, such as your rafters and possibly even your sheathing as well if your insulation is not properly installed. When moisture meets the exposed wood, it can result in a lot of problems. All of which have the same effect, damage to the structural integrity of your roofing system.
5. Underlayment- Typically made out of felt or more recently, a synthetic fiber, underlayment works as a last resort waterproofing layer to protect your sheathing from water damage. If water were to ever get under your shingles, Underlayment should buy you the extra time you need to have your roof maintenance without suffering too much damage to your sheathing or rafters.
6. Water And Ice- Although this does not apply to every state, ice and water shield is a legal requirement when installing a roof in areas of New Jersey they can experience heavy downpours and strong winds. Ice and water are similar to the underlayment, however, it is a little thicker and more durable. Ice and water are required to be laid at least 1 foot up each side of your roof’s overhang, or any area that is extremely vulnerable to wind-driven rain damage.
7. Flashing- Your flashing is thin pieces of metal that need to be installed near any gap or seam. Examples of these areas include any section of roof where two pieces of sheathing meet at an angle, along the foundation of where your chimney meets your roof, and along the edges of any dormers that your house may have. Without flashing, Your home would have weak spots all along with these areas.
8. Shingles- The most obvious aspect of your asphalt shingle roofing system would be the shingles themselves. Acting as the first line of defense from any exterior damage, your shingles play an important role. Not only do they have to function properly and keep water away from the lower components of your roofing system, but they must also look aesthetically pleasing, as they are the most exposed aspect of your roofing system. Without shingles, your roof would sustain all kinds of damage not just from rain but from other circumstances, such as falling branches and hail.
9. Ridge Vent- A ridge fan is the most popular way to ensure that your roof is being ventilated properly. This is a long strip of plastic or metal that leaves a gap between the very peak of your roof, and the ridge caps that waterproof and seal off the rest of the roof. By allowing this extra space, warm air and moisture that would otherwise be trapped in your attic can escape through the crack and into the outside air.
10. Ridge Cap- Your ridge cap works in concert with your ridge vents. The way that asphalt shingles are installed, laid one on top of the other with a slight overlap on the shingle below it, means that if they were to be laid to the very top of your roof, they would not be able to properly seal it. Ridge caps are designed to cover and waterproof the space that would otherwise be left open to the elements.
11. Fascia Board- Fascia board gives your gutters a strong and sturdy foundation to be screwed into, all the while sealing up any gaps that may be exposed from the overhang of your roof. Facia board connects directly to the edges of your rafters, and if installed properly, should join up seamlessly with your soffits. If your facia boards were to fail, your gutters would also not function properly which could lead to big problems down the line.
12. Gutters- Your gutters play a very crucial role in keeping your home’s foundation from being damaged by falling rainwater. When water slides off of your asphalt shingles it heads downwards due to gravity. The rainwater then falls into your gutters which funnel the water into one central location, your downspout. The downspout travels along the exterior of your home and deposits the water far enough away from your home’s foundation so that it cannot cause any problems. If your gutters were to fail, water would just slide off of your roof straight down onto your foundation which will loosen the ground around it and can result in sinking or pitching of your entire home.
13. Soffits- Your soffits cover the underside of the overhang of your roof. This prevents any insects or pests from entering your home and works to completely seal off your roofing system from the exterior. Without soffits, there would be a large gap leaving your roof open and exposed to the elements.
Why Should You Call BRH Enterprises To Help You With Your Shingle Roof Installation?
Calling BRH Enterprises whenever you have any roof-related issue should be the first thing you do! Now that you are aware and better informed as to just exactly how complex the shingle roof installation process can be, you should be able to better determine just how reliable and fair a roofing company is BRH Enterprises is! We will never overcharge you for any work you require of us, and if you have any questions about your bill or concerns about the work being done to your home, we will make sure that everything is properly addressed and explained to you when needed! We hope that this article helped to alleviate some of the stress and concerns you may have felt when it comes to wondering if your roofing contractor is doing the job they should be when installing your new roof, and we hope to hear from you with any of your future roof maintenance needs!